Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games

TOKYO 2020 Paralympic Games

In our previous articles, we talked a little about the Paralympic Games while talking about the history of sports for the physically disabled. In this article, we will talk about the Paralympic Games and the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games that are currently being held.

The word “Paralympics” is derived from two Greek words. What it means is that the Paralympic Games are parallel games of the Olympics and the two exist side by side.

The foundation of the Paralympics is based on the 1948 Olympic Games in London. At the opening ceremony of these games, Dr. Guttmann organized the first competition for wheelchair athletes, which he called the Stoke Mandeville Games, a landmark in Paralympic history. this competition included 16 wounded soldiers and women. The Stoke Mandeville Games later became the Paralympic Games, first attended by 400 athletes from 23 countries in 1960 in Rome, Italy. Since then, the place has been held every four years. In 1976, the first Winter Games in Paralympic history were held in Sweden and, like the Summer Games, they are held every four years.

Given the wide range of disabilities that their athletes participating in the Paralympics have, there are several categories in which these athletes compete. Allowed disabilities are divided into ten eligible disability types. Categories are impaired muscle strength, impaired passive range of motion, limb deficiency, leg length difference, short stature, hypertonia, ataxia, athetosis, visual impairment, and mental impairment.

The last Paralympic Games are the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games, also known as the 16th Summer Paralympic Games. The Tokyo 2020 Summer Paralympic Games were originally scheduled to take place between August 21 and September 6, 2020. However, it was postponed to a later date in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. These postponed games continue with a fierce struggle in Tokyo, Japan between August 24 and September 5, 2021. At the Tokyo 2020 Paralympic Games, approximately 4,400 athletes compete in 22 branches. Although it is held without an audience and with high security measures due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it is possible to watch these exciting games on TV at home.

See you in our next article.